Updated 30 March 2020

The Government is supporting businesses to manage cash flow challenges and retain employees.

  • Business investment
    • Increase and extension of the instant asset write-off
    • Accelerated depreciation deductions
  • Cash flow assistance for small and medium-sized business
    • Tax-free payments up to $100,000 for employers
    • Wage subsidy of up to 50% of an apprentice or trainee wage
  • Targeted support for severely affected sectors, regions and communities
  • Supporting the flow of credit
    • Guaranteeing loans to SMB’s
    • Cutting red tape by providing temporary exemptions from responsible lending obligations for lenders to SMB customers

Here’s what we know so far:

Business investment

Increase and extension of the instant asset write-off

You should be cautious of making investments that take cash out of your business at this time. Whilst this measure provides for a generous tax deduction, the focus right now should be on conserving cash.

From 12 March 2020, the instant asset write-off threshold will increase from $30,000 to $150,000, and access to the write-off will be expanded to include businesses with an aggregated annual turnover of less than $500 million until 30 June 2020.

The instant asset write-off is a tax deduction that reduces the tax liability of your business. It enables your business to claim an upfront deduction for depreciating assets in the year the asset was purchased and used (or installed ready to use). For example, if your business is a base rate entity (turnover under $25m) in a company structure you will get back 27.5% in your 2019-20 company return if the company acquires an asset that is used by 30 June 2020. If your business is likely to make a tax loss for the year, then the instant asset write-off is unlikely to provide a short-term benefit to you.

This is the fourth increase or extension to the instant asset write-off and businesses will need to be wary of what they are claiming and when:

Instant asset write-off thresholds Small Business* Medium business** Large business***
1 July 2018 – 28 January 2019 $20,000
29 January 2019 – 2 April 2019 $25,000
3 April 2019 – 12 March 2020 $30,000 $30,000
12 March 2020 – 30 June 2020 $150,000 $150,000 $150,000

* aggregated turnover under $10 million

** aggregated turnover under $50 million

***aggregated turnover under $500 million

Assets will need to be used or installed ready for use from when the changes were announced on 12 March 2020 until by 30 June 2020 to qualify for the higher threshold. Anything previously purchased does not qualify for the higher rate but may qualify for one of the other thresholds. Similarly, anything purchased but not installed ready for use by 30 June 2020 will not qualify.

The instant asset write-off only applies to certain depreciable assets such as a concrete tank for a builder, a tractor for a farming business, and a truck for a delivery business. You will also need ensure that there is a relationship between the asset purchased by the business and how the business generates income. You can’t for example just go and purchase multiple television sets if they have no relevance to your business.

There are some assets that don’t qualify such as horticultural plants, capital works (building construction costs etc.), assets leased to another party on a depreciating asset lease, etc.

What businesses can access the instant asset write-off

To access the instant asset write-off, your business needs to be a trading business (the entity buying the assets needs to carry on a business in its own right). It also needs to have an aggregated turnover under $500 million. Aggregated turnover is the annual turnover of the business plus the annual turnover of any “affiliates” or “connected entities”. The aggregation rules are there to prevent businesses from splitting their activities to access the concessions.  Another entity is connected with you if:

  • You control or are controlled by that entity; or
  • Both you and that entity are controlled by the same third entity.

Accelerated depreciation deductions

In addition to the increased instant asset write-off rules, accelerated depreciation deductions will apply from 12 March 2020 until 30 June 2021. This will bring forward deductions that would otherwise be claimed in later years.  

Businesses with a turnover of less than $500 million will be able to deduct 50% of the cost of the asset in the year of purchase. They can also claim a further deduction in that year by applying the normal depreciation rules to the balance of the asset’s cost. This will presumably only be relevant if the business cannot already claim an immediate deduction for the full cost of the asset.

For example, let’s assume that a business purchases a new truck for $250,000 (exclusive of GST) in July 2020. In the 2021 tax return the business would claim an upfront deduction of $125,000. The business would also claim a further deduction for the depreciation that would have arisen on the balance of the cost. If the business is a small business entity and using the simplified depreciation rules, this would mean an additional deduction of $18,750 (i.e., 15% x $125,000). The total deduction in the 2021 tax return would be $143,750. Without the introduction of this investment incentive the business would have claimed a deduction of $37,500 (i.e., 15% x $250,000).

This incentive will only be available in relation to new assets that are acquired after 12 March 2020 and are first used or installed ready for use by 30 June 2021. It will not apply to second-hand assets or buildings and other capital works expenditure.

Cash flow assistance for small and medium-sized business

Tax-free payments up to $100,000 for employers

The Government is enhancing the Boosting Cash Flow for Employers measure it announced on 12 March 2020. The Government is providing up to $100,000 to eligible small and medium-sized businesses, and not for-profits (NFPs) that employ people, with a minimum payment of $20,000.

Small and medium-sized business entities with aggregated annual turnover under $50 million and that employ workers are eligible. NFPs, including charities, with aggregated annual turnover under $50 million and that employ workers will now also be eligible. This will support employment at a time where NFPs are facing increasing demand for services.

Under the enhanced scheme, employers will receive a payment equal to 100 per cent of their salary and wages withheld (up from 50 per cent), with the maximum payment being increased from $25,000 to $50,000. In addition, the minimum payment is being increased from $2,000 to $10,000.

An additional payment is also being introduced in the July – October 2020 period. Eligible entities will receive an additional payment equal to the total of all of the Boosting Cash Flow for Employers payments they have received. This means that eligible entities will receive at least $20,000 up to a total of $100,000 under both payments.

If a business pays salary and wages to employees but is not required to withhold any tax then a minimum payment of $20,000 will still be made.

Businesses that lodge activity statements on a quarterly basis will be eligible to receive the credit for the quarters ending March 2020 and June 2020. Businesses that lodge on a monthly basis will be eligible for the credit for the March 2020, April 2020, May 2020 and June 2020 lodgments. The minimum $20,000 payment will be applied to the first lodgement.

Eligibility for the measure may be based on prior year turnover. We will have to wait for the legislation for the finer details.

Wage subsidy of up to 50% of an apprentice or trainee wage

Eligible employers can apply for a wage subsidy of 50% of the apprentice’s or trainee’s wage for up to 9 months from 1 January 2020 to 30 September 2020. The payments are accessible to businesses with less than 20 employees. Employers will receive up to $21,000 per apprentice ($7,000 per quarter).

Where a small business is not able to retain an apprentice, the subsidy will be available to a new employer that employs that apprentice.

In order to qualify for this payment the apprentice or trainee must have been in training with the business as at 1 March 2020. Employers of any size and Group Training Organisations that re-engage an eligible out-of-trade apprentice or trainee will also be eligible for the subsidy.

It is expected that employers will be able to register for the subsidy from early April 2020. Final claims for payment must be lodged by 31 December 2020.

Supporting the flow of credit for SMB’s

Under the Coronavirus SME Guarantee Scheme, the Government will provide a guarantee of 50 per cent to SME lenders to support new short-term unsecured loans to SMEs. The Scheme will guarantee up to $40 billion of new lending. This will provide businesses with funding to meet cash flow needs, by further enhancing lenders’ willingness and ability to provide credit. This will assist otherwise viable businesses across the economy who are facing significant challenges due to disrupted cash flow to meet existing obligations.

The Government is also cutting red tape by providing a temporary exemption from responsible lending obligations for lenders providing credit to existing small business customers. This reform will help small businesses get access to credit quickly and efficiently.

You should contact your bank to understand your option to increase existing or apply for new facilities which should hopefully be more easily available than normal.

Targeted support for severely affected sectors, regions and communities

$1 billion has been committed to support sectors, regions and communities disproportionately affected by the economic impact of the coronavirus. Tourism, agriculture and education are specifically mentioned.

Initial measures include:

  1. Waiver of fees and charges for tourism businesses that operate in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park and Commonwealth National Parks
  2. Additional assistance to help businesses identify alternative export markets or supply chains
  3. Measures to promote domestic tourism

Further plans and measures will be developed with the affected industries and communities.

Administrative relief for certain tax obligations will also be provided, including deferred tax payments up to four months. The ATO will establish a temporary shopfront in Cairns within the next few weeks to support the region’s small businesses. Other initiatives to bring support to the communities are being considered.

More information: